Chartier speaks then that in this context a new culture appears politics for opposition, but in a new public, separate space of the state, Independent authority of the estamentos nobilirquicos and clericais, and delimited for the space of the people and the bourgeoisie, that walked the wide steps in the thought search politician and religious across the field of it criticizes, sketching the possibility of its separate existence of the private one, with an individual that would be apt to the exercise of the reason. I make here a consideration of the workmanship of Reinhart Koselleck, for who until this time, due to censorship, the public opinion only existed in the clubs, coffees and halls. This is as the domain, separated of the State: instance of the moral law of the citizens that circumscribes criticizes it? fellow creature to the manica strategy, that has for target the rationality as instrument for the common happiness. The fact is that with ' ' centralization administrativa' ' , pointed for Tocqueville, an individual with opinion generated itself, is of the clubs, coffees and halls, and now this individual of opinion if felt exempts of the obligations stops with the princes and even though it stops with the King. Each one acted now in the defense of its proper interest, from there the cult to books, where if it believed to find the beginning of the universality, through the read writings and. This age without a doubt a total contrary positioning the tradition and that it composed the idea of ' ' Republic of the Letras' '. Chartier reasons that for having occurred a distinction between practical speeches and it is possible that let us think about the circulation of written documents, books or pamphlets, and is possible also to think about the relation between these objects printed matters the formation of the public in France. .
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