Russian Steam Bath

And in the Russian steam bath, sauna and steam has long been received by throwing hot stones in the fire. Both the Russian and the Finns used the brooms in the bath procedure. Robert Rubin: the source for more info. Both the Russian and Finnish, where warmed up, thrown into cold water or in a snowdrift. Sauna – sister of Russian steam bath (by the way, “sauna” in Finnish as times and means “bath”). Ancestor of the Russian bath and sauna is the same timbered cottage, heated “black.” In the brochures advertising the sauna, it is reported that a person should be exposed to as much as possible of heated air.

Dry air, having a lower thermal conductivity and heat, can raise the temperature in the sauna up to 100-120 C. Learn more about this with Thomas J. Wilson. Argues that as a result of such coverage in a warm sauna anymore, and therein lies its advantage. In the Russian steam bath, as in this rustic sauna in the air support higher water vapor content and therefore the temperature at head level in a bath does not exceed 60 – 65 C. Which is better – to judge physicians who study the impact of a bathhouse on the human body. However, the contrast sauna Russian bath should not be – after all, Russian steam bath, a sauna and a modern streamlined, can be equally easily configured to any desired temperature and humidity-surface mode. That’s what I wrote about the Russian steam bath back in 1778 Portuguese Sanchez – physician of Empress Elizabeth, “Do not trust me to find a doctor who would not recognize a beneficial steam bath.

Using Concrete Truck

Concrete truck concrete truck Ppimenenie Ppeimyschectvo is chto ne blagodapya they can only podavat concrete at high altitude, but is between pepemeschatcya neckolkimi objects vsledctvie etogo allows the use of concrete truck izbavit pabochix from wear and neobxodimocti vrychnyyu ykladyvat concrete that ocobenno voctpebovano DURING construction vysokix coopyzheny and odnovremenno peshaet voppoc transpoptipovkoy with concrete mass to obekty. In addition vcego vysheckazannogo, concrete pumps concrete poctoyanno pepemeshivayut pactvop, ulychshaya camym to its quality. We value in the concrete is primeci, or it does not match texnicheckim xaraktepictikam, the first otpeagipuyut this just pumps. For concrete pumps podklyuchaetcya autonomous mikser rastvopov concrete, Who ppoizvodit tpancpoptipovanie cmecey to the object Straight podachi concrete mixer from the tanks, if what tpebyetcya, cotpydniki companies okazyvayuschix yclygi rent concrete truck mixers and, okazyvayut texnicheckyyu Help All voppocam. Otechectvennaya zapybezhnaya and auto-ppomyshlennoct proizvodit concrete pumps with paznoobpaznymi xapaktepistikami, chto gives vozmozhnoct pick naibolee podxodyaschy vapiant modeli.

Cledyet also remember that provide concrete pumps neobxodimo ploschadky yctanovki for Concrete and connect mixers, ploschadky for bathing texnologicheckoy Firmware okonchanii Operate, and when otpitsatelnoy tempepatype vozdyha on ploschadke neobhodimo presence gopyachey vody. Concrete pumps Construction Sodepzhanie obxoditsya fipmy ochen dopogo. K.pome vycokoy tseny content texniki soproyazheno with cereznymi nA its costs and pemont texnicheckoe obclyzhivanie. Blagodapya this cegodnya Very popylyapna such yclyga, kak rent concrete pumps. Klienty nyzhno only vybpat, kakomy chosen type of concrete pumps give ppedpochtenie. Klaccifikatsiya concrete truck (ABN) Peredvizhnye pumps, cobpannye on the chassis of cars, klaccifitsipyyut on next ppiznakam: the type of mode setting paboty – with shlangovoy and popshnevoy pepekachkoy concrete; Firmware konctryktsii ppivoda-mexanika or gidpavlika; on kolichectvy tpancpoptiryyuschih tsilindpov concrete (single and dvymya CYLINDRICAL) and ectectvenno on ppoizvoditelnocti (10 – 50 m / h, 50 – 150 kyb.m / the Hour and more than 150 kybov ractvopov concrete per hour). From poclednego parametra depends very much on the price of rent yslyg avtobetononasov.

Length max stpely vapipyetcya concrete pumps from 20 to 65 metpov, there are xotya small kompaktnye concrete pumps, and takzhe vapianty with ydlinennoy ctpeloy. Napactit ctrely can dopolnitelnymi Delivery line – the route of tpyb, coedinennyx clips. With pomoschyu xobota nA end tpaccy can yvelichivat manevpennost concreting. Chtoby oppedelit which ABN concrete is better to rent, nado obpatit attention to the fact that concrete pumps yctanavlivaetcya betonoraspredelitelnaya ctpela-manipylyatop, pozvolyayuschaya ocyschectvlyat podachy cmecey bolshie at altitude. Krome of concrete pumps for podcoedinyayutcya gidpavlicheskomy ppivody using raznoobpaznyx sxem. How to Rule popshnevomy ppicoedinyayut concrete pumps concrete-pumping yzel pacppedelitelya, podayuschego concrete and in pastvopy Delivery line. Concrete Pump pealizyet ppotsecc povysheniya davleniya to deliver concrete to pactvopov mecty ppimeneniya xapaktepa cycle.

Diameter Pipeline

The calculation is performed by selection of the pipeline. Initially given diameter and then check whether the pipeline will miss with slope equal to slope of the land, estimated expenditure in the regulated filling. If bandwidth is not enough, then increase the diameter, if the filling is too small, the diameter is reduced. In such favorable situations, the velocity in the pipe turns more minimal, and in terms of operation are estimated portions of the network do not require the cost of cleaning the pipes of sediment. In the initial sections of the network at low cost – less than 10-12 l / s in the line of minimum diameter (d = 200 mm) can not be afforded the regulated minimum speed (v = 0,7 m / s) and filling (h / d> 0,5).

In this case, the area considered "bezraschetnym" diameter and for him shall be the minimum – 200 mm, and the slope – equal to the slope of the land, but not less than imin = 0,005. The parameters of the pipeline do not take into account. Fig. 3.12. Longitudinal profiles of the calculated plots for different slopes surface second case – when a more complex topography and slope of the land changes from smaller to larger. In the diagram, this case presented at the second site (Fig. 3.12, b). To reduce the volume of earthworks (for vyglubleniya network) should be within the area with steep terrain out to a minimum depth. The third case – the least favorable when the slope of the land on the current site is less than the allowable minimum slope of the projected pipeline (Figure 3.12 c).


Welding now – it's the technological process of melting metal for connecting metal structures using welding equipment. During the welding process metal welded elements mixed in the weld due to high temperature. Let's take a closer look at features of TIG welding. For the first time this welding technique has been used in the late nineteenth century in our country, and then was modified by foreigners. The melting point in the process of arc welding is produced by combustion of the electrode in the form of an electric arc discharge.

For the welding electrode or SSSI steel rod is current. In some cases, instead of hot-metal electrode used for welding wire, which has melted during welding. In the industry generally in demand for welding of aluminum alloys and other metals is the second method. How does the process of electric welding? With the help of cable equipment for electric welding with direct or alternating current is connected to the connected elements, and with a hot cable – to the holder of the electrode. Column arc is formed in the time interval between repeated contact of the welding electrode and the outlet from the site welding. At the end of the welding electrode, thus, higher temperatures up to 6500 F, the metal edges joined parts and steel core electrode are melted to form a 'shell' of liquid metal (crater). During the distribution of craters in the area of the junction it cools and forms a reliable seal. Shielding arc Usually at this level arc welding does not end.

Under the influence of high temperature metal alloy has the ability to react with atmospheric oxygen. The weld is oxidized as a result of joint becomes brittle. Exactly therefore in the process of electric arc discharge and provided with a protective shell seam of a gas – usually argon. This protection is shielded arc discharge and a method of welding – welding in an argon atmosphere. In addition to protecting from the influence of air escaping also significantly improves the quality of the welded joint. Additional equipment for welding to improve the quality of electric also need to use different extra ordinary welding equipment. Welding rectifier: an apparatus which is used for arc welding, automatic welding and argon in steel elements under constant and alternating current. Welding Transformer: welding equipment necessary for manual arc welding with covered electrodes with alternating current components of low-carbon steels and alloys. This device regulates the current. The transformer is also equipped with a mechanical movement of the winding. Therefore, the welding transformer has the advantage of manual arc welding in the more remote areas of welding, where all the time required to move from one area to another. Welding inverter: additional welding equipment required to operate at a constant surge in the use of electricity generators and industrial Welding cable length. Due to the exceptional stability of the welding current is generated, welding inverters are very easy to work and significantly improve the quality of the weld. In addition, the welding inverters can operate in a wide range of currents under high load. This equipment is equipped with a fuse of the current fluctuations, spikes to the welding electrode, and also – when starting overheating.

Modern Housing and Communal Services

The development of modern housing and communal services, in particular, urban public utilities inextricably linked to good health utility. Timely current maintenance, routine seasonal preparations and the ability to adequately respond to emergency situations – is a guarantee of reliable and effective functioning of the organization providing compliance with all legal and technical requirements for the maintenance and use of housing and under its control area. The requirements are now requirements for similar organizations, forcing them to store and keep Fund update certain spare parts and consumables for the utility. At the same time, the search and selection of strategic partners to manufacture and supply of these components is becoming more informal. The fundamental criteria for choosing the supplying organizations have traditionally been: a range of necessary components, terms and conditions of supply, price. Of particular interest are the company itself producing the necessary equipment. Unlike most dealers, engaged in the resale of banal product companies, manufacturers are able to respond more flexibly to the demands and wishes of the end customer – to make significant changes in technology and manufacturing processes for production of the well-known equipment and tooling, significantly modify it under the customer's needs, and even develop and produce entirely new designs.

It is to such organizations that have their own production facilities include the company "OOO Lukor." The main activity is production and supplies and utilities selling parts and spare parts for municipal vehicles. In addition to the production of such popular components such as pumps for tank-type vacuum machines KO, KO-503 pump, company provides after-sales service of these products, in addition, for ease of exchange fund partners there are parts of municipal equipment, which drastically reduce the time Utilities downtime during their maintenance and repair. For a long time success in the market for municipal engineering firm "LLC Lukor" had a close partnership relationships with many professional societies, is also producing and supplying a similar product range, which allows the company to offer the most favorable terms a wide range of equipment for municipal vehicles, including a power takeoff for vacuum machines KO, product KOM KO-503 KO tank vacuum machines and parts for them. The company "OOO Lukor" is a continuous process of development, improvement and expanding the list of components and spare parts for these types of equipment.

Hydraulic Dynamic Tool

Hydraulic dynamic tool – a powerful, reliable, economical and compact assistant for emergency and rescue operations, work in mines, under water, and other construction and special works. – Is closed self-lubricating system, insensitive to dust, water and temperature, which ensures long tool life and greatly reduces the need for technical . dynamic tool is mobile and easy to use. It is safe to work and has a front air – electro – and gasoline-powered tools the following advantages: In comparison with a power tool: Electrical – the lack of sources of stress; Ability to work in conditions of high humidity, as well as under water, low need for maintenance, independence from external power sources, ability to work without long breaks ohlazhdenie.V Compared with gasoline-powered tools: Exception danger of ignition and inhalation of toxic emissions by the operator due to lack of engine and fuel tank directly on the instrument, less weight and noise level – due to lack of engine directly into the instrument, less need for technical obsluzhivanii.V compared with pneumatic tools: Effectiveness and efficiency of a hydraulic plant is 2-3 times more efficient air compressor. It's smaller in size, weight and price, carries the same amount of work as an air compressor, with a much lower cost, reliability and durability: less wear and more long service life of hydraulic system main units, as opposed to pneumatic system by working in a more favorable (in the flow of oil) conditions; Safety operator: air mixture used in pneumatic tools, potentially explosive, that provides increased demands Gosgortechnadzor and may lead to the prohibition of exploitation. Simplicity: the ability to work in conditions of high humidity and contamination over a wide temperature range (with reduced efficiency pneumatic temperature decreases sharply), low noise hydraulic pressure source can operate in urban areas, including in night, high mobility, small size and weight: the whole kit with the pump station is easily moved by hand and placed in the luggage compartment of a car. By the hydraulic station, in contrast to the compressor, can be easily connected to many other tools – pumps, drills, saws, drills, etc.

Heavy Machinery Industry Association

Mining machinery industry maintains steady growth Our country has taken a series of measures to deal with the financial crisis, which can be an umbrella and booster for the mining machinery industry, and leads to the development and growth of a number of mining machinery enterprises. In the current environment, the demand of economic development on energy is more urgent than ever, and the construction and mining equipment market hot climax are also eye-catching. The latest travel statistics show that the profits of the mining machinery industry relatively agencies increase in the first 10 months of 2009, representing an increase of 30.44%, the main business profit margin also increases by 6.17%. China Heavy Machinery Industry Association believes that the international financial crisis have heavy impact on the travel agencies industry, but in support of the policy of stimulating domestic demand, most businesses take a structural adjustment, strengthen the competitiveness of the advantageous industries, and constantly open domestic and foreign markets, which prompt travel agencies industry maintain a rapid, steady growth. With the forthcoming of China s new energy revitalization plan and the adjustment of related development goals, it is expected that by 2020, China s total investment in the field of new energy will over 3 trillion yuan. Investment in the field of new energy will be mainly through market forces, rather than direct government investment.

China s coal-based energy structure determines the construction idea of large coal mines for a long time, and in the fact that the Government has an unprecedented focus on energy efficient environment, building large opencast coal mine will be one of the development directions of China s energy construction. Insiders pointed out that, with the country strengthening the efforts to the construction of the mining resources, hot mine construction market is undoubtedly a good opportunity for mining equipment manufacturers. Chinese mining equipment manufacturers, such as jaw crushers enterprises have also taken measures to fight to share a greater share. Hongxing company specializes in manufacturing ball mill, dryer machine, ore processing equipment, welcome customers to negotiate.

Energy-saving Technology For Housing

Energy-saving technology for housing uzhivutsya How old home and energy efficiency. Increasingly, energy efficiency – the most common topic of conversation, but, in the opinion of most people, this applies only to industrial giants and spacious offices. Why is it customary tenants of apartment buildings? If you look at this issue from another perspective, it becomes clear that the area of housing and communal services – an area where electricity consumption is very large, so that energy-saving technologies must first be entered here. To date, the issue of saving our country is very acute: gryanuvshy crisis will affect the rates, and Most residents will again have to save on everything, paying huge bills, how to remember is not saving and the potential savings? To ensure the operation of electrical appliances in a standard high-rise House spent more than a third of electricity consumed, the rest is spent on heating and hot water. During the construction of modern houses using energy-saving technologies in the past few years. Heating system pays special attention: to save the optimal temperature of air is much heavier than reduce the cost of lighting, which is why the main effort of designers and builders go on then, to be leak proof design. Improving the insulation of the room makes it possible to not install such a powerful heating equipment.

For example, possible to install heaters at area and change the operation of the heating system as a whole. Depending on the type of heating system should consider insulation inside or outside the apartment. The building is heated with gas, to pay special attention to the insulation inside the building and building, heated with water, must be carefully isolated from the outside. If energy efficiency in new homes is used everywhere, then change the situation in an already-built residential fund is very difficult. The vast majority of the houses were built at a time when the word "energy-saving utilities" were little known.

Fitting Studio

Steadily growing Russian market of plastic pipe with each year attracts more and more new players. The greatest interest among market participants enjoyed the production of shaped segment and connecting products (Fittings) for pipes made of polyethylene (PE). This situation is not surprising and is easily explained: the production department require a small (100 m2), equip it to two automated machines and one operator, self equipment for pipes are available and widespread, simple production technology and tested. In such circumstances, very few companies are thinking about any innovation, limited only by extensive increase in capacity. The company "Fitting Studio", in this respect stands out from a long line of manufacturers of plastic molded products. Since 2006, we manufacture exclusive exhaust fittings for pressure PE-water pipes of all existing sizes. We developed the technology allows production of ultra-compact neravnoprohodnye tees and crosses, rack fire hydrants, as in standard sizes, and in customer's design.

In addition, to date, our production capacity allows us to produce any products of plastic pipe in the shortest possible time. One of the main features that differentiate our products from segment welded PE pipe fittings, is a compact product. This factor, in addition to significant savings in raw materials, involves a number of less obvious but no less important benefits. First, the product of LLC "Fitting Studio", which has less mass and volume are cheaper to transport. Second, an exhaust fitting production company "Fitting Studio" can replace several products segment, as it made directly vvarivaniem one tube to another (Fig. 1). Third, the products of our production significantly save storage capacity water supply wells, in which they are located.

Often, only our products can be placed in the well, not only does not extend very well, but not even touching the entrance to it. The next important factor, which fundamentally distinguishes the products of LLC "Fitting Studio" is its high reliability. It is achieved due to the smaller number of compounds in the manufacture of molded products. For example, such a complex product as a stand under the fire hydrant (see Figure 2) is made by us without any transitions with polyethylene metal. This product is less prone to corrosion is obtained, than any similar, represented currently in the market. Note that the seat of fire stands performed in strict compliance standard Russian fire hydrants. Next, note the following feature extractor fitting technology: to make reducing tee, cross or raznoprohodnoy (sm.ris.3) does not use transitions from one diameter to another (which is especially important when a large difference of diameters, for example 710 and 200 mm). This not only helps to reduce the hydrodynamic resistance products, but also at times to increase stability fitting to the vertical and horizontal accelerations, possible in the course of its operation, and each product is released from dependence on rare or nonexistent at all fittings.

Technology Production

In China alone in 2006 were about 200 of these plants producing 300 tonnes / year. Most major automobile manufacturers in Europe, Asia and America each year are used in cars produced several hundred thousand tons of precision castings, obtained as described way. General Motors, Ford Motors, BMW, Fiat, VW, Renualt and several other companies have gone over in 1980-90 years to produce this method of casting engine blocks, heads, block, intake and exhaust manifolds, crankshafts for the most popular types of engines. In Physico-Technological Institute of Metals and Alloys (FTIMS) NAS (Department of forming under the leadership of Professor Shinsky OI) equipment designed and launched a number of sites in Russia and Ukraine, introduced a equipment in Poland and Vietnam. At the pilot plant in Kiev FTIMS pour ferrous and nonferrous metals weighing 0,1-1500 kg to 50 tons / month, work out the technology and tooling for new plants, design and equipment lines for the program casting plant and the area of the customer, who then supply foundry enterprises with commissioning the full range of equipment and the introduction of technology into production.

Production potential of the technology is far from LGM exhausted. It also allows low-tech alloy previously coarsely, mesh and frame molding, pouring not only metals and alloys, and composites, and reinforced to receive designs that have improved characteristics. In the model pre-inserted into different parts or materials that form a composite or reinforced construction, and the imposition of the gas pressure in the liquid metal increases the stability impregnation of such products with inserts on the length of 1 m. LGM attributed to high-tech industries, which provide access to the sustainable development of the technological gap, as in the domestic economy is growing raw materials component, which is dominated by products with low added value and reduced the competitiveness of production. If in 80 years in the structure of the domestic industry and export commodity weight machine was About 30 … 40%, and iron and steel was two to three times less, but now the opposite.

It is the development of foundry – a step toward recovery and growth of the domestic machine-building, turning the country of the seller semi-finished products in the exporting technology products with high added value. Reduced dependency on domestic industries from import ideas, technologies and products, implementing its own program innovative development will enable us to become an equal participant in global innovation processes. Download other articles on FF (Fresh articles other authors: 1) Rybakov SA Innovative features cast on gasified models, the state and prospects of this method in Russia / / Russian foundry. 4, 2009, sec. 44-45. 2) Rozhnov SP, Anderson, VA A new concept of small-scale foundry / / Foundry. 9, 2010, sec. 27-30).

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