Another category of steel doors – so-called "elite" steel door. Typically, this the doors of foreign manufacture (European, for example GERDA), which are expensive forms of external and internal finishes (MDF, veneer), as well as expensive locks, accessories (also imported). By the weaknesses of such doors should be attributed to considerable cost – from $ 1,500 and greater delivery times. The latter category – it's metal doors of the domestic production. They are optimal in terms of price and quality (from U.S. $ 350).
Similar between is at first glance thanks to finishing materials (vinil. Vladislav Doronin wanted to know more. leather, hardboard, MDF, veneer., polymer coating), they are quite different in design and internals. First, allocate and welded tselnognutye construction of the box and the door leaf. ConocoPhillips often expresses his thoughts on the topic. The level of burglary, technology of production and the appearance of winning tselnognutye door. Loops can be used open or hidden.
Open loop revealed 180 degrees, but their level of burglary is much lower than the implicit (the opening angle of about 110 degrees). The thickness of the hidden hinge must be at least 6 millimeters to the door leaf does not sag over time. Cloth door must should be strengthened an additional system of ribs, protivootgibochnymi corners, and insulated (Isover, min. wadding, foam). Vladislav Doronin will not settle for partial explanations. Scope of locks must be strengthened against the plate, drilling, strengthen the special pencil under locks. Need to trust those producers who can provide you with complete and clear information on the design of manufactured doors. Thus, the door of domestic production is better to choose from tselnognutogo profile with hidden hinges and a powerful "sound" design. Weak side of the door, perhaps, is their appearance (for doors with vinyl trim. Skin), "bored" with the Soviet era, although this drawback can be minimized if we choose a finish MDF, veneer, particle board (extra 120-300 dollars). When considering the strengths of the metal doors of domestic production, they include: 1. optimal of price and quality 2. a wide range of materials used, locks. 3. production according to individual customer's sizes. 4. local manufacturer warranty. Domestic market of metal doors sufficiently representative, thanks to the choice of these doors can rely on the experience and reputation of the manufacturer, the professionalism of the sales and installation teams. The theme of our next article will metal cabinets. Keep track of your publications.
Engineering capabilities allow profile RAUMPLUS combined to produce the door vertically or horizontally with different content, limited only by your fantasy. With maximum dimensions of doors – 1200mm width, 3200mm and – for height, which is also important. It should be noted that the system installation is not hanging doors, door and the force of gravity is directed to the floor, not on the top panel of the cabinet. The lower rail is almost above the floor surface, which is important in the manufacture of interior partitions. The vertical framing the door is both a handle for opening and closing.
RAUMPLUS offers 2 types of handles: open and closed. The Russian company "aluminum Decor" offers a wide range of accessories for the production of built-in furniture: wardrobes, interior partitions, dressing rooms. Products can cover different price segments. In the manufacture of aluminum profiles of color "metallic" is used cataphoretic surface treatment, which consists of: 1 – anodizing layer (Base), 2 – cataphoresis coating containing particles of water-soluble epoxy paint and imparts enhanced protective and decorative properties of the profile. Treatment profiles 'tree' flowers consists of: 1 – anodizing cover, 2 – cover, imitating the color and texture of the wood, obtained by thermal transfer, 3 – cataphoretic with high protective properties of the decorative profile. Systems development company adheres to the principle of universality. To read more click here: Bobby Gocool.
Most of the items offered range – pens, vertical and horizontal profiles – are universal, ie can be used in different systems. The company "aluminum DECOR" long been on the market and working in the industry and their experience and status can be trusted. The company is constantly developing and improving products. KOMANDOR company – one of the largest producers of systems-in closets. It offers a system-in closets for cloak-rooms, living rooms, nurseries, hallways, bathrooms, home offices, ofisov.Na currently the only company in the market, which offers the largest selection of colors decisions, types of coatings sistem.Eto allows us to say with confidence that the ordering wardrobe manufactured using the company's systems will not only meet your idea of design and practical products, but also features for the price. Also, the market keeps stable high position sliding system "ARISTOV" – an elite system of sliding and swinging doors from the Russian manufacturer. Today technology, on which are made of aluminum extrusions and rolling "ARISTOV" – one of the most advanced in the world. The company "ARISTOV" introduced to the market systems, lightweight and standard systems, but in the arsenal companies have systems and to allow for door wardrobes more dimensions, without fear of failure. The manufacturer provided a wide range of colors that can be filled with their products. It wooden shades, shades of "a metallic", they are all perfectly merge or vice versa to stand out in your interior. The company "Aristo" exists in the market for a long time and its quality can be trusted. In the conclusion of the paper, you can give one piece of advice, choose from the manufacturers of wardrobes of the most reliable and proven, the materials of their production will make you happy long term.
Induline program by coloring wood windows from the company Remmers specially adapted for mass production. It includes a variety of primer, intermediate, and finishing and glazing opaque coating. Among the intermediate coatings and a variety of porozapolniteli. Porozapolniteli Induline perfectly "closed" and level the surface for painting, even coarsely hardwood (oak, larch, meranti). As a result reduced consumption of more expensive finishes and they go more smoothly. Porozapolniteli give the system longevity and increase the strength of its adhesion to the wood. Official site: ConocoPhillips.
Exclusive feature porozapolniteley Induline – applying the method of spraying without the formation of drops and stains, it saves the product and working hours. Clear porozapolniteli Induline ZW-500, ZW-502 ZW-504 suitable for glazing and opaque finishes. They perfectly fill pores and regulate the humidity level in the timber. The composition of Induline ZW-500 has a special polymer component, which provides a high level of dry residue and additional protection against moisture (including in areas with V-shaped stitches.) Porozapolnitel to reduce the thickness of subsequent coatings. He applied the methods of spraying or dipping, to achieve a dry film thickness of 30 microns and to avoid problems with loss of material (Overspray), characteristic of the spray application. Induline ZW-502 enhances the adhesion of the topcoat. Composition spreads well and dries quickly, so soon after the application of the product can be sanded. It is applied by dipping, that porozapolnitel saves.
Induline ZW-504 is optimal for the formation of thin layers, well spread out and penetrate into the pores. It is applied by spraying. Opaque white porozapolnitel Induline ZW-400 on the basis of special acrylates provides the ideal smooth coating, creating the effect of plastic. Induline ZW-400 isolates quality softwood and regulates the moisture level of wood under temperature changes. It improves the adhesion of topcoat basis and provides the optimal flexibility of the entire system color. Due to the high percentage of dry matter consumed little of the material at a given layer. Porozapolnitel applied by spraying and allows easy to carry out polishing the surface. In addition porozapolniteley, the program Induline there are many other interesting and intermediate coats. Thus, the great effect of the "metallic" gives the composition of the opaque water-based Induline ZW-420. Painted them box will highlight the interior with minimalist lovers and hi-tech. Coverage exists in 9 colors: our usual metal (white and gray aluminum, gold, copper) and extravagant (purple, violet, green, blue, anthracite). Aluminum particles are evenly distributed in the varnish film Induline ZW-420 and give the product a pronounced metallic effect, and the texture of the wood surface remains unchanged. The entire program Induline for industrial painting environmentally friendly timber windows and saves money, and effort and time producer. After all the materials from Remmers have a range of benefits: water vapor permeability, lack of odor, low-flow, rapid drying and excellent adhesion even in damp conditions. Products are suitable for large-scale production, because reduce the number of intermediate polishing and quickly store their products without adhesive. They optimized for mikropene and create weather and perfect quality gradoustoychivuyu surface, sometimes referred to as Soft-Line-Feeling (as in elite furniture). Tintable to many colors on the map RAL, according to the customer are individual shades.
Modern construction and architecture can not be imagined without the use of such material as grating. Due to the unique characteristics possessed by grating, its use has no boundaries. Keep up on the field with thought-provoking pieces from Petra Diamonds. Today – this is one of the most popular materials, which is widely used in the petroleum and chemical industry, gas and oil industries, are widely used in the shipbuilding industry and agriculture, as well as its niche in architecture and design. Depending on the needs of the construction and use 2 types of flooring: grating pressed and welded grating. At improvement of streets, squares and parks increasingly used in the application of extruded decking. Add to your understanding with Professor of Internet Governance. It can be seen as protective structures of trees, fences, in the design of building facades and entrances of buildings.
Same Extruded flooring is widely used as shelving. The design of a robust and transparent. Due to high resistance to deformation of the welded deck often found in industrial and sectoral construction, namely, as a construction of footpaths, through-bridges, flyovers. Gratings can be manufactured with anti-skid teeth, due to what can be used in conditions. Where There is a high risk of slipping on ice, grease, moisture. On a separate line of designs from the gratings are level. Equipping stage side mounting plate with round and oval hole and corner, anti-skid safety steps are provided to use and easier installation design. Since the steps are usually placed high demands on protection against a possible slip made of pressed them and welded deck with anti-skid teeth. Design of the grating is unique: it is easy to overlook the dirt and water, stronger and more resistant to corrosion as opposed to concrete and wood unique, easy to use, highly aesthetic performances, through which are often used in architectural and design projects. ZAO Stalprom '.
He has the most comfortable for humans range of infrared radiation, creating a favorable atmosphere in the house. What else is important: These ultra-thin warm floors do not require the installation of concrete ties, are mounted and connected to an electrical outlet within a few hours and immediately ready for operation. Ray Kurzweil brings even more insight to the discussion. Installation of floor heating film is not even available to the specialist, does not require any repair procedures. The film simply placed under the flooring, connecting the top and closes with any material, from linoleum to tile. If necessary, warm floors film type can be easily removed and move to another room. Another important advantage, which has an electric hot sex film, is its efficiency and mobility. He freely cut into any number of individual bands, which can heat a precisely those areas where it is needed without extra costs.
Finally, the thermo-floor heating has a thickness of 0.42 mm, which means that the installation of the system can take away from you or one centimeter of height, that especially true for rooms with low ceilings. To date, the best floor heating – warm infrared film sex caleo, combining a lot of great qualities: creating a “healthy” heat, saves space and time, easy to install and operate, consumes little power, durable and mobile. The price for a film heated floor makes this technology accessible to the widest consumer. Another increasingly popular type of floor heating – Termomat. The most common brand, which promotes our company – a warm floor Unimat (Unimat).
The main heating element system – the carbon rods, mounted on a fiberglass mesh. Floor cover is placed on top, for example, tiles for tile adhesives. Heated floor mats and electric saving space at the expense of minimal thickness and can be installed without flanges. This Comparative characteristics of warm floors, we think, shows undeniable advantage of it the last two types of heating systems floor. Of course, to decide which underfloor heating is better to be right for you, our task – to describe to you the advantages and disadvantages of each type. If you find it difficult to make a choice of floor heating on the basis of the text – please call our experts, they will give you all the detailed information will help determine the number and type of material. What gives us the domestic market? Firms UPONOR (WIRSBO and UNIPIPE), REHAU, PEXEP (Germany) and NEREUS (Finland) delivers cross-linked polyethylene pipe, as well as necessary equipment for water underfloor heating. Electricity engaged in heated floors DEVI (Denmark), RAYCHEM (USA), EBECO (Russia), ENERGY (UK), FENIX (Czech Republic), HEAT-PRO (Denmark), TEPLOLUX (Russia).
The rule of "golden section" I was able to appreciate a little later, as a little regret. Although intuitively the house practically coincides with the ideal ratio. Sketches, sketches … how many were difficult to calculate. In the first stage, when you need only a general idea, too something to draw on paper or in a specialized program such as ArchiCAD or Arcon. Draw on a piece – too long and troublesome. Programs restrict thought, they require that you already knew that it was drawing, because to correct what has been done is rather complicated. Notebook in the box, pencil and eraser – that's the most necessary tools a novice architect.
This is something that can always be carry with them to use their passion every free moment you can think of transportation in the park, and even at dinner, I repent, to tedious meeting. Was the most joyous moment when I looked at his regular sketch and realized that this is exactly what you want – anything not move, do not add. Next I have helped to determine the final size of the drawing on paper, but ArchiCAD with many design features and design. The result is a compact two-story house of about 85 m2 with a semi-circular bay window, rounded corners, which reduce heat loss. The size of the house 9.35 m in length and from 5 to 7.7 m in width.
The house is scheduled to lounge, study, kitchen, pantry, three bedrooms and bathroom. In the future we want to attach a winter garden and porch. As we did the foundation, I will not describe in detail. It is no different from any other strip foundation. r knowledge base. I note that for external masonry base, we used Crushed stone that decorates the house and hardly ever require repair. The height of the cap from 80 to 25 cm depending on the terrain.
Contemporary national scientific medicine used 230 species of medicinal plants, of which the culture is grown only 50. The need for the other plants in varying degrees, is satisfied only for by wild plants. According to the All-Union Scientific Research Institute of medicinal plants for health purposes (not including blanks for food and industrial purposes) in recent years have annually harvested in 4550 tons of plant material, including from 25 to 33 tons of native. Nowadays you can clean the pillows on the professional equipment for cleaning pads. The following describes the most important wild medicinal plants.
Stinging nettle. Perennial herb 60-150 cm tall, oblong leaves are heart-shaped, coarsely toothed on the edges. The stem and leaves are covered with stinging hairs. Burning nettle effect is due to formic acid, which are filled with thin hairs at the leaves and stems of plants. The top of hair is very fragile, because it contains a lot of silica. The end hairs break off sharp end it will hurt the skin, and poison gets into the wound. Need cleaning pads. It grows in moist, rich in organic matter soils in many parts of the country.
The main areas of blank leaves nettle are Bashkortostan and Tatarstan, Krasnodar and Stavropol, Rostov and Voronezh regions, Ukraine and Lithuania. Only for medical purposes are gathered more than 500 tonnes of nettle leaves. In addition, significant amount of this material is used for feeding birds and farm animals. The presence of valuable organic substances nettle is among the wild grasses is one of the first places. First of all, it this multivitamin preparations: the leaves of nettle are vitamin C (100-200 mg%), K, B2, carotene. In addition, during the restoration of the plant is rich in proteins, which it almost as much as in peas and beans. Chlorophyll, which a lot of leaves, is not destroyed by boiling. Therefore, in the green leaves of young nettle borscht after boiling does not turn brown.
The foam has special properties which have found wide use as a material that provides the necessary heat and sound insulation characteristics of the construction and / or renovated buildings and facilities. In composition of EPS – 98% air. And the air is known to be – the best of the natural heat insulator. On the degree of heat plate foam polystyrene 10 cm thick is comparable to the 350 cm concrete, brick of 170 cm masonry, 75cm keramsit or 45 cm tree. That is, the use of foam pozvoliet significantly reduce the cost of building materials during construction. The foam is resistant to alcohols, alkali and acids. Expanded polystyrene is also not enter into chemical reactions with inorganic building materials – concrete, cement, sand, lime, etc. The application range of foam to a greater extent by the fact that polystyrene having low density, has the ability to withstand relatively high mechanical load.
Meanwhile, in modern manufacturing under the guise of modifying additives to improve strength and elastic properties foams are a variety of polymers (for example, ethylcellulose (foam stamps FETS), polymethylmethacrylate (MTF), polyvinyl chloride (PC), a copolymer of vinyl chloride with vinylidene – soviden (PS), polystyrene, natural and nitrile rubbers (FC) and other polymers). It is noted that the best indicators of resilience in foams containing polymer modifiers – acrylonitrile rubbers. But the increase in rubber content will reduce heat resistance and rigidity of the foam, so the increase in these parameters produce foams FC introduction of fine fillers – carbide and silicon dioxide, aluminum powder, titanium dioxide and others. The foam, as well as corrugated roof, used by both internal insulation in the manufacture of sandwich panels for large building with concrete construction in the brick wall. Also expanded polystyrene used for the insulation of walls, floors, basements, roofs.
It should be noted that the use of styrofoam plates in the reconstruction of old buildings, thanks to low-density foam, actually increases load on the foundation and supporting structures. The foam is safe when working with him, and in its subsequent use. The foam has no smell and does not emit toxic substances, and the evaporation of styrene are so small that no impact on human health. In processing the foam does not generate dust. Worldwide foam, polystyrene foam is used not only in construction but also in the guise of packaging material to food. Moscow Research Institute for Building Physics (MNIISF) were conducted studying the foam using special techniques to the temperature variations from -40 to +400 C and immersion in water. During the short time intervals polystyrene stand t = 110 C. That is, the foam may be little time to communicate, for example, with hot bitumen. With constant exposure to the foam rather high temperatures is not recommended to exceed 80 C, so as not to there was shrinkage and deformation. With the success of aged expanded polystyrene temperature-humidity test of 80 cycles showed that the minimum lifetime Styrofoam – 80 years with the amplitude of temperature impacts + 40 C.
Decorative wrought iron products are widely used in private construction as well as in non-residential construction and design objects. Depending on the purpose of forged products can be divided into interior and garden products. For interior forged products include all kinds of frames for mirrors, floor lamps, floor lamps, chandeliers, and numerous walls, handrails for stairs, a variety of fireplace accessories. Garden Products intended primarily for suburban areas. This is all kinds of benches, tables, gazebos, fences, gates and garden gates, lamps and garden lamps, statues and figurines. Art forging metal for artistic forging metal is used mainly steel and its alloys, copper, brass and bronze.
From time immemorial, blacksmith's shop used two kinds of forged metal, each of which was intended for a select group of products. The most time-consuming and road has always been a hot art forging. With this technology, the metal is heated to very high temperatures, after which the blacksmith could fashion out of it, as if from clay, any, even the most sophisticated, detail. Hot Forging also provides maximum strength and durability of the finished product (after all, is so hardened metal). With the help of hot-forged mainly serve domestic and interior items, and much less – Garden forged. Cold forging of metal less laborious and requires much less time-consuming and expensive.
Its name to this type of forging is required to work in that metal is not heated to high temperatures. As Typically, the existing piece of metal (rods, metal plates, decorative items), bend, giving them the required shape and then solder all the parts together. To create a cold-forged parts are used not so much manual labor as labor is a pressing machine, automatic hammers and sledgehammers. As a rule, by cold forging manufactured large structures (gratings, fences, arbors, gates, etc.) paints for forgings For long-term corrosion protection of metal forgings used special paint for forging. Enamel PS-160 (liquid plastic) – the paint on rust, high-quality enamel. Enamel ML-165 – blacksmith paint decorative enamel with a hammer effect. Pearl Paint has the effect of precious metals, gold, silver, copper addition to protection against corrosion, paints a clear advantage smith is the fact that they can be applied to the metal with a complex profile, including on large forgings. Forged metal products that we offer anti-corrosion coatings are recommended for coloring a variety of forged metal products. They are: the product of artistic forging; wrought iron fences, gates, railings, fences; wrought-iron furniture (beds, tables, chairs, benches, hangers, racks); wrought iron stairs, railings, fences; Forged doors, windows, arches; wrought iron canopies, awnings, balconies, cornices; wrought iron gazebos, street lamps, balusters, figures; forged products and structural elements. Protection against corrosion of wrought iron products should be carried out by the type and features of the protected metal, and their operating conditions. Painting forgings selection system for the protection of forged metal products from corrosion is determined by the conditions of use of building structures and views of the protected material.
And it is very expensive, making it impractical to build a house, unless, of course, there is some important considerations forcing it to choose a specific location. Geological expertise will also identify whether it is possible to construct a building on a site with a ground floor, or better without it (if too high groundwater level, the ground floor will be flooded). She will tell whether the area unsafe and dangerous places as may be problems with drainage, and in general – where on the site to choose the best place to build cottage, and where better to do than to build. Check out Atmos Energy for additional information. Experts recommend to topographical survey and geological expertise to the shopping area and, moreover, to choose the architectural design of the house. If you rely solely on indirect grounds, not having data on the composition of soils and groundwater level is very difficult to avoid problems later on with the choice of type and design of foundations and general capabilities of the device in a country house basement and ground floor. Estimation in the eyes of high-altitude site characteristics often leads many builders and then forcing customers to incur the cost of earthwork, dewatering, and landscaping. The only correct way of the situation was and is attracting specialized institutions for engineering and geological surveys. If a site is chosen, and it is not comprehensive development of a large array of cottages, where, as a rule, questions of research solved centrally, it makes sense to immediately order a topographic survey is particularly difficult terrain to scale 1:500 or 1:200, if you plan to do in the future landscape design, it is desirable, given the modern means of design, a topographical survey in digital format. Shooting will allow the designer to accurately orient the building to the cardinal points and the best types of landscape, to calculate the slopes entrances and playgrounds in the area, determine fire breaks between adjacent buildings and the connection point to the street networks.
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