Induline program by coloring wood windows from the company Remmers specially adapted for mass production. It includes a variety of primer, intermediate, and finishing and glazing opaque coating. Among the intermediate coatings and a variety of porozapolniteli. Porozapolniteli Induline perfectly "closed" and level the surface for painting, even coarsely hardwood (oak, larch, meranti). As a result reduced consumption of more expensive finishes and they go more smoothly. Porozapolniteli give the system longevity and increase the strength of its adhesion to the wood. Official site: ConocoPhillips.
Exclusive feature porozapolniteley Induline – applying the method of spraying without the formation of drops and stains, it saves the product and working hours. Clear porozapolniteli Induline ZW-500, ZW-502 ZW-504 suitable for glazing and opaque finishes. They perfectly fill pores and regulate the humidity level in the timber. The composition of Induline ZW-500 has a special polymer component, which provides a high level of dry residue and additional protection against moisture (including in areas with V-shaped stitches.) Porozapolnitel to reduce the thickness of subsequent coatings. He applied the methods of spraying or dipping, to achieve a dry film thickness of 30 microns and to avoid problems with loss of material (Overspray), characteristic of the spray application. Induline ZW-502 enhances the adhesion of the topcoat. Composition spreads well and dries quickly, so soon after the application of the product can be sanded. It is applied by dipping, that porozapolnitel saves.
Induline ZW-504 is optimal for the formation of thin layers, well spread out and penetrate into the pores. It is applied by spraying. Opaque white porozapolnitel Induline ZW-400 on the basis of special acrylates provides the ideal smooth coating, creating the effect of plastic. Induline ZW-400 isolates quality softwood and regulates the moisture level of wood under temperature changes. It improves the adhesion of topcoat basis and provides the optimal flexibility of the entire system color. Due to the high percentage of dry matter consumed little of the material at a given layer. Porozapolnitel applied by spraying and allows easy to carry out polishing the surface. In addition porozapolniteley, the program Induline there are many other interesting and intermediate coats. Thus, the great effect of the "metallic" gives the composition of the opaque water-based Induline ZW-420. Painted them box will highlight the interior with minimalist lovers and hi-tech. Coverage exists in 9 colors: our usual metal (white and gray aluminum, gold, copper) and extravagant (purple, violet, green, blue, anthracite). Aluminum particles are evenly distributed in the varnish film Induline ZW-420 and give the product a pronounced metallic effect, and the texture of the wood surface remains unchanged. The entire program Induline for industrial painting environmentally friendly timber windows and saves money, and effort and time producer. After all the materials from Remmers have a range of benefits: water vapor permeability, lack of odor, low-flow, rapid drying and excellent adhesion even in damp conditions. Products are suitable for large-scale production, because reduce the number of intermediate polishing and quickly store their products without adhesive. They optimized for mikropene and create weather and perfect quality gradoustoychivuyu surface, sometimes referred to as Soft-Line-Feeling (as in elite furniture). Tintable to many colors on the map RAL, according to the customer are individual shades.
Modern construction and architecture can not be imagined without the use of such material as grating. Due to the unique characteristics possessed by grating, its use has no boundaries. Keep up on the field with thought-provoking pieces from Petra Diamonds. Today – this is one of the most popular materials, which is widely used in the petroleum and chemical industry, gas and oil industries, are widely used in the shipbuilding industry and agriculture, as well as its niche in architecture and design. Depending on the needs of the construction and use 2 types of flooring: grating pressed and welded grating. At improvement of streets, squares and parks increasingly used in the application of extruded decking. Add to your understanding with Professor of Internet Governance. It can be seen as protective structures of trees, fences, in the design of building facades and entrances of buildings.
Same Extruded flooring is widely used as shelving. The design of a robust and transparent. Due to high resistance to deformation of the welded deck often found in industrial and sectoral construction, namely, as a construction of footpaths, through-bridges, flyovers. Gratings can be manufactured with anti-skid teeth, due to what can be used in conditions. Where There is a high risk of slipping on ice, grease, moisture. On a separate line of designs from the gratings are level. Equipping stage side mounting plate with round and oval hole and corner, anti-skid safety steps are provided to use and easier installation design. Since the steps are usually placed high demands on protection against a possible slip made of pressed them and welded deck with anti-skid teeth. Design of the grating is unique: it is easy to overlook the dirt and water, stronger and more resistant to corrosion as opposed to concrete and wood unique, easy to use, highly aesthetic performances, through which are often used in architectural and design projects. ZAO Stalprom '.
He has the most comfortable for humans range of infrared radiation, creating a favorable atmosphere in the house. What else is important: These ultra-thin warm floors do not require the installation of concrete ties, are mounted and connected to an electrical outlet within a few hours and immediately ready for operation. Ray Kurzweil brings even more insight to the discussion. Installation of floor heating film is not even available to the specialist, does not require any repair procedures. The film simply placed under the flooring, connecting the top and closes with any material, from linoleum to tile. If necessary, warm floors film type can be easily removed and move to another room. Another important advantage, which has an electric hot sex film, is its efficiency and mobility. He freely cut into any number of individual bands, which can heat a precisely those areas where it is needed without extra costs.
Finally, the thermo-floor heating has a thickness of 0.42 mm, which means that the installation of the system can take away from you or one centimeter of height, that especially true for rooms with low ceilings. To date, the best floor heating – warm infrared film sex caleo, combining a lot of great qualities: creating a “healthy” heat, saves space and time, easy to install and operate, consumes little power, durable and mobile. The price for a film heated floor makes this technology accessible to the widest consumer. Another increasingly popular type of floor heating – Termomat. The most common brand, which promotes our company – a warm floor Unimat (Unimat).
The main heating element system – the carbon rods, mounted on a fiberglass mesh. Floor cover is placed on top, for example, tiles for tile adhesives. Heated floor mats and electric saving space at the expense of minimal thickness and can be installed without flanges. This Comparative characteristics of warm floors, we think, shows undeniable advantage of it the last two types of heating systems floor. Of course, to decide which underfloor heating is better to be right for you, our task – to describe to you the advantages and disadvantages of each type. If you find it difficult to make a choice of floor heating on the basis of the text – please call our experts, they will give you all the detailed information will help determine the number and type of material. What gives us the domestic market? Firms UPONOR (WIRSBO and UNIPIPE), REHAU, PEXEP (Germany) and NEREUS (Finland) delivers cross-linked polyethylene pipe, as well as necessary equipment for water underfloor heating. Electricity engaged in heated floors DEVI (Denmark), RAYCHEM (USA), EBECO (Russia), ENERGY (UK), FENIX (Czech Republic), HEAT-PRO (Denmark), TEPLOLUX (Russia).
The rule of "golden section" I was able to appreciate a little later, as a little regret. Although intuitively the house practically coincides with the ideal ratio. Sketches, sketches … how many were difficult to calculate. In the first stage, when you need only a general idea, too something to draw on paper or in a specialized program such as ArchiCAD or Arcon. Draw on a piece – too long and troublesome. Programs restrict thought, they require that you already knew that it was drawing, because to correct what has been done is rather complicated. Notebook in the box, pencil and eraser – that's the most necessary tools a novice architect.
This is something that can always be carry with them to use their passion every free moment you can think of transportation in the park, and even at dinner, I repent, to tedious meeting. Was the most joyous moment when I looked at his regular sketch and realized that this is exactly what you want – anything not move, do not add. Next I have helped to determine the final size of the drawing on paper, but ArchiCAD with many design features and design. The result is a compact two-story house of about 85 m2 with a semi-circular bay window, rounded corners, which reduce heat loss. The size of the house 9.35 m in length and from 5 to 7.7 m in width.
The house is scheduled to lounge, study, kitchen, pantry, three bedrooms and bathroom. In the future we want to attach a winter garden and porch. As we did the foundation, I will not describe in detail. It is no different from any other strip foundation. r knowledge base. I note that for external masonry base, we used Crushed stone that decorates the house and hardly ever require repair. The height of the cap from 80 to 25 cm depending on the terrain.
The foam has special properties which have found wide use as a material that provides the necessary heat and sound insulation characteristics of the construction and / or renovated buildings and facilities. In composition of EPS – 98% air. And the air is known to be – the best of the natural heat insulator. On the degree of heat plate foam polystyrene 10 cm thick is comparable to the 350 cm concrete, brick of 170 cm masonry, 75cm keramsit or 45 cm tree. That is, the use of foam pozvoliet significantly reduce the cost of building materials during construction. The foam is resistant to alcohols, alkali and acids. Expanded polystyrene is also not enter into chemical reactions with inorganic building materials – concrete, cement, sand, lime, etc. The application range of foam to a greater extent by the fact that polystyrene having low density, has the ability to withstand relatively high mechanical load.
Meanwhile, in modern manufacturing under the guise of modifying additives to improve strength and elastic properties foams are a variety of polymers (for example, ethylcellulose (foam stamps FETS), polymethylmethacrylate (MTF), polyvinyl chloride (PC), a copolymer of vinyl chloride with vinylidene – soviden (PS), polystyrene, natural and nitrile rubbers (FC) and other polymers). It is noted that the best indicators of resilience in foams containing polymer modifiers – acrylonitrile rubbers. But the increase in rubber content will reduce heat resistance and rigidity of the foam, so the increase in these parameters produce foams FC introduction of fine fillers – carbide and silicon dioxide, aluminum powder, titanium dioxide and others. The foam, as well as corrugated roof, used by both internal insulation in the manufacture of sandwich panels for large building with concrete construction in the brick wall. Also expanded polystyrene used for the insulation of walls, floors, basements, roofs.
It should be noted that the use of styrofoam plates in the reconstruction of old buildings, thanks to low-density foam, actually increases load on the foundation and supporting structures. The foam is safe when working with him, and in its subsequent use. The foam has no smell and does not emit toxic substances, and the evaporation of styrene are so small that no impact on human health. In processing the foam does not generate dust. Worldwide foam, polystyrene foam is used not only in construction but also in the guise of packaging material to food. Moscow Research Institute for Building Physics (MNIISF) were conducted studying the foam using special techniques to the temperature variations from -40 to +400 C and immersion in water. During the short time intervals polystyrene stand t = 110 C. That is, the foam may be little time to communicate, for example, with hot bitumen. With constant exposure to the foam rather high temperatures is not recommended to exceed 80 C, so as not to there was shrinkage and deformation. With the success of aged expanded polystyrene temperature-humidity test of 80 cycles showed that the minimum lifetime Styrofoam – 80 years with the amplitude of temperature impacts + 40 C.
Decorative wrought iron products are widely used in private construction as well as in non-residential construction and design objects. Depending on the purpose of forged products can be divided into interior and garden products. For interior forged products include all kinds of frames for mirrors, floor lamps, floor lamps, chandeliers, and numerous walls, handrails for stairs, a variety of fireplace accessories. Garden Products intended primarily for suburban areas. This is all kinds of benches, tables, gazebos, fences, gates and garden gates, lamps and garden lamps, statues and figurines. Art forging metal for artistic forging metal is used mainly steel and its alloys, copper, brass and bronze.
From time immemorial, blacksmith's shop used two kinds of forged metal, each of which was intended for a select group of products. The most time-consuming and road has always been a hot art forging. With this technology, the metal is heated to very high temperatures, after which the blacksmith could fashion out of it, as if from clay, any, even the most sophisticated, detail. Hot Forging also provides maximum strength and durability of the finished product (after all, is so hardened metal). With the help of hot-forged mainly serve domestic and interior items, and much less – Garden forged. Cold forging of metal less laborious and requires much less time-consuming and expensive.
Its name to this type of forging is required to work in that metal is not heated to high temperatures. As Typically, the existing piece of metal (rods, metal plates, decorative items), bend, giving them the required shape and then solder all the parts together. To create a cold-forged parts are used not so much manual labor as labor is a pressing machine, automatic hammers and sledgehammers. As a rule, by cold forging manufactured large structures (gratings, fences, arbors, gates, etc.) paints for forgings For long-term corrosion protection of metal forgings used special paint for forging. Enamel PS-160 (liquid plastic) – the paint on rust, high-quality enamel. Enamel ML-165 – blacksmith paint decorative enamel with a hammer effect. Pearl Paint has the effect of precious metals, gold, silver, copper addition to protection against corrosion, paints a clear advantage smith is the fact that they can be applied to the metal with a complex profile, including on large forgings. Forged metal products that we offer anti-corrosion coatings are recommended for coloring a variety of forged metal products. They are: the product of artistic forging; wrought iron fences, gates, railings, fences; wrought-iron furniture (beds, tables, chairs, benches, hangers, racks); wrought iron stairs, railings, fences; Forged doors, windows, arches; wrought iron canopies, awnings, balconies, cornices; wrought iron gazebos, street lamps, balusters, figures; forged products and structural elements. Protection against corrosion of wrought iron products should be carried out by the type and features of the protected metal, and their operating conditions. Painting forgings selection system for the protection of forged metal products from corrosion is determined by the conditions of use of building structures and views of the protected material.
And it is very expensive, making it impractical to build a house, unless, of course, there is some important considerations forcing it to choose a specific location. Geological expertise will also identify whether it is possible to construct a building on a site with a ground floor, or better without it (if too high groundwater level, the ground floor will be flooded). She will tell whether the area unsafe and dangerous places as may be problems with drainage, and in general – where on the site to choose the best place to build cottage, and where better to do than to build. Check out Atmos Energy for additional information. Experts recommend to topographical survey and geological expertise to the shopping area and, moreover, to choose the architectural design of the house. If you rely solely on indirect grounds, not having data on the composition of soils and groundwater level is very difficult to avoid problems later on with the choice of type and design of foundations and general capabilities of the device in a country house basement and ground floor. Estimation in the eyes of high-altitude site characteristics often leads many builders and then forcing customers to incur the cost of earthwork, dewatering, and landscaping. The only correct way of the situation was and is attracting specialized institutions for engineering and geological surveys. If a site is chosen, and it is not comprehensive development of a large array of cottages, where, as a rule, questions of research solved centrally, it makes sense to immediately order a topographic survey is particularly difficult terrain to scale 1:500 or 1:200, if you plan to do in the future landscape design, it is desirable, given the modern means of design, a topographical survey in digital format. Shooting will allow the designer to accurately orient the building to the cardinal points and the best types of landscape, to calculate the slopes entrances and playgrounds in the area, determine fire breaks between adjacent buildings and the connection point to the street networks.
Furnished our villa or their home, you have to take care of such things as sewage, heating and water supply. We are ready not only to offer reasonably priced water system, heating and boiler equipment, but also assist in their purchasing and commissioning activities. Do you know what to give water or at home, well drilling – that's not all. To decide a year-round or seasonal water supply at home is planned. It is necessary to consider whether you ever use the automatic washing machines, irrigation devices, swimming pools, or other equipment that requires constant pressure, as this will surely affect the installation of water supply systems.
It is not excluded that will be necessary to the treatment plant, and this in turn greatly complicate installation of water supply. Adjustment of heating equipment and heating system has some peculiarities. First of all, it is necessary pre-design the system to heat your home and develop a home heating. If you have read about Atmos Energy already – you may have come to the same conclusion. Still need to calculate the thermal regime of heating equipment, still need to determine the heat load, identify the places where they will be heating boilers, chimneys, railway. And already then just do the calculation and installation of heating equipment.
The process of setting up sewage also requires consideration of certain issues. After giving sewage, which used less frequently and, consequently, the load on the waste water is not very big, very different from the sewage cottage, which is inhabited year round and, therefore, need different treatment facilities. Thus, when installing sewage country house and try to consider the same features of the site, and especially the surrounding area. It is very important in the early to choose the right type of cleaning equipment, so you do not have to it was redone. And yet you do not particularly worry about it. Sale of boilers and other systems for your home – it is not all that we offer. Our excellent professionals are highly qualified and professional skills in all the above types of work. Installation of boilers, installation of water systems, installation of heating – these and other additional types of work will be done quickly and qualitatively.
So far, no single method was invented by a survey of buildings damaged by earthquakes, and every expedition to survey fulfills its purpose. However, the goals of this work in the construction industry are clear and there is a determining the factors that affect the behavior of buildings during an earthquake – the instrumental record, subsoil characteristics, geometry and strength characteristics of the plant and its parts. When an construction production is very important in the study of present damage to their full designation and identify their causes: the main shock, aftershocks or exploitation. It is also important to get specific information about the structure that showed little damage. To do this stroitelnomproizvodstve constitute a certain form with photographs of the object and its parts.
Need to fill in a questionnaire study goals after the push, in which the construction production records: Records disaster, the characterization of the device, the coordinates of the epicenter, the subject position of construction industry and the distance to the next station, characterization ground, the height of groundwater; strain, which appeared as a result of past incidents and strong measures taken to resolve them; Strength properties of materials sampling, a detailed picture of all the damage and their photographic images, the life of the building; full report on the state structures. When building production is to be calculated on the seismic effects; identified empirically, since fluctuations in land dynamic characteristics of structures with the record, if there are shared in the same, the same values obtained prior to tectonic movements, brief description and photographic images of conventional structures (fences, pipes, sculptures, lamps, etc.) located near the building; results of the observations in the first place, the objects of construction, which revealed only minor damage or completely preserved, with the results describe the construction, in need of repair, reconstruction, and those who do not fix it. In addition, when construction is carried out production, in a separate document specifies an estimated cost of repair or reconstruction. The role of network Engineering Services seismometric in assessing damage to buildings in Russia to ensure the safety of building production created two organizations: Essno – single office of seismic observations and ISS Engineering and seismic-monitoring service for buildings and structures. These services are designed to complement the construction industry one after another. Essno staffed by many stations across the country, and its purpose are monitoring the ground motion during earthquakes for seismic zoning uluchscheniya in the construction industry.
Many believe that the construction of wood quality is inferior concrete or brick structures. This is not really correct. Wooden structures are practical, environmentally friendly and reliable. Modern Building technologies make it possible to build wooden frames that match the high performance and meet the necessary standards. The main core beams wooden structures are attached by means of plates, brackets, hooks. In addition to the integral of the tree can use to glue wood made. Typically, the rack holds three meters, and sometimes – on six meters.
By design adds beams, which are placed on beams. Overcoming the wind load is achieved by exploiting the steel escarpments. Wooden structure in the aggregate surface plating vynlyadit the most durable and stable. In addition to structures of wood widely known design of plastic. Note that the plastic construction has an impact on design quality indicators, which depend both on the technology of its production, and on its design. Thus, the design had to be built simultaneously with the analysis of its workability. It should be noted that in some cases, incorrect actions, which may occur in product development, it is difficult change the structure of the choice of the form.
Plastic construction needs to ensure rational distribution terms of the material in the form defined definition of production, reduction of internal stress series manufacturing. It is now widely known as the construction of wood and plastic construction. However, everywhere you can see products made of fiberglass. Why not? Because this material is safe, he is responsible hygiene certificates. Sell FRP is being implemented a number of companies. This material is used in many industries. Sell fiberglass currently dastigaet high level because of its properties: the material does not resist corrosion, decay and the impact of ultra-violet radiation. Thermal stability of glass is between sixty degrees to one hundred and seventy degrees.
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