Reserve National City

Carnaubeira of the Penha was formed of a small pertaining community to the City of Forest. As the activities of the first settlers they were based on the subsistence agriculture, where if it cultivated beans, cotton, maize, rice, cassava and potato-candy, agriculture and the cattle one were the main economic activities, being distinguished the bovine and goat flocks. Its population is formed by whites, caboclos and indians. A small population of blacks in the Mountain range of the Arapu meets.

The population of the Mountain range of One is formed mainly by indians, where if she finds the Reserve National of the Atikum indians. The origin of the Carnaubeira name was for existing a great amount of Carnabas in the region, at the beginning of its povoamento. Click Mitchel Resnick for additional related pages. Penha was in homage Ours Lady of the Penha, the chosen one as its padroeira, being with the name of the Carnaubeira city of the Penha. District created with the denomination of Carnaubeira, for the municipal law n 2, of 19-01-1948, created with lands of the extinct district of Bar of Silva, subordinated to the city of Forest. In dated territorial division of 1-VII-1960, the district of Carnaubeira, appears in the city of Forest. Thus remaining in dated territorial division of 18-VIII-1988. Raised to the category of city with the denomination of Carnaubeira of the Penha, for the state law n 10626, of 01-10-1991, desmembrado of Forest. Headquarters in the old district of Carnaubeira, current Carnaubeira of the Penha.


In Brazil, the curricular reformularizations have followed external models, especially of France, for the education of History. Such reforms had been initiated in the decade of 80 with the process of redemocratizao of the country, pautadas in the formation politics, directed toward the popular layers. To take care of new estimated the educational ones, the MEC promoted the curricular reforms in all the escolarizao levels. They had been elaborated National Curricular parameters (PCN) for Basic and Average education, under a deriving international orientation of estimated of piagetiana psychology and the Construtivista Trend. Other boarded points for the author are the Conceptions of pertaining to school contents and learning. In Brazil, in the decade of 80 such subject divided the educators worried about the curricular reformularizations.

Of a side it had the defenders of ' ' pedagogia of contedos' '. In opposition to this conteudista line, the defenders of ' ' education popular' ' , based in Pablo Freire. In this context they appear colon of quarrel for the educational politics: criteria of election of contents and the relation teach-learning, the Methods and the new technologies proposals in the renewals of the current resumes. According to Bittencourt, to take care of the new educational demands the curricular proposals of History for the basic education beyond the PCN had been created, which approach characteristics and others in common you specify for each level of education. For the final series of basic education one searchs to point out the current period of training of the historiogrfica production, the concepts are considered base for the historical knowledge, must have coherence enters the objectives of disciplines and the historiogrficos and pedagogical beddings, it has the concern with the concept of sociocultural history. The election of contents is based on thematic axles or generating subjects. To finish its quarrel Bittencourt Maria, it comments on the objectives and subjects for the study of History.


The end of the memory? Eugenia Meyer the text ' ' The end of memria' ' of author Eugenia Meyer, it causes the use of the orality the construction of history, its research consists of the accomplishment of recorded interviews with people who can testify on events passed to the construction of the facts. The author discloses one of the points that the historian is allowed to use in the captation of data: ' ' the necessary historian of imagination and inventividade; in case that contrary, he will be before same looser to start cruzada' ' (MEYER, Eugenia. 2009: p. 33). That is, it is a work that requires astuteness, to dribble some ' ' truths escondidas' ' , that many times are encubadas, scratched out, forgotten, with intention to confuse or to spot part of the history, that in many times these ' ' truths escondidas' ' if to arrive tona they are inconvenient in the construction of some ideologies.

The text describes a little of the life of the author in its battle to portray history through its experiences of work, after rambling with the recorder in the hand, listening, to inquire, to ask, to question and to look for to know of yes same felt which the true one of the historical task. That is, the author starts to prove a bit of the proper poison. She was from the decade of 60 and principles of the decade of 70, that she started to plan and to scheme how could formulate a project of rescue of certifications right-handers of the old revolutionaries from the methodology of verbal history. Its stories leave the enormous importance clearly to consider, to respect, and to learn other forms to think and to act, valuing each one of that individual that had shared its past. In its trajectory to tell the facts, a doctor knew and if he compromised in reconstructing its history of life.

Agrarian Reformation

We believe that the necessary school to help to take root the people in its culture: that it can be transformed, recriada from the interaction with other cultures, but that needs to be conserved; because nor she is possible to make formation human being without working with roots and bonds; because without identifying roots she does not have as to have projects. This wants to say that the necessary school to work with the memory of the group and its cultural roots; this wants to also say that if it must have a specific scienter in the resistance to the imposition of foreign cultural standards, in the combat to the cultural domination and in the critical reconstruction of its proper traditions cultural. (CALDART) Caldart in the alert one on the perigos of the imposition of foreign cultural standards. How the elaborated resume if compromises to the work of the memory of this group and to its cultural roots? How the pedagogical materials deal with the identity of the seated one? Which the place of the Agrarian Reformation in the Resume of the School Advising Antonio? How the school of this nesting collaborates with the enraizamento of the people seated in its culture? Of that it forms the pedagogical materials they argue the question of the Agrarian Reformation? The school, therefore, must search to modernize itself on the meanings that imply to educate the man and the woman of it /em the field. We understand the importance of the permanence of the campesinos in the field, but for in such a way if it becomes indispensable that public politics are created and accomplished, in the direction to propitiate to these rurcolas a suffered life, more quality in its existence less.

Great Waterfall

The navigation in the river became dificultosa from the waterfalls that started to empear the river, of Alcobaa for top, and is called: 1 Tapaiunacura: 2 Guariba: 3 Life the perpetual a 4 Tucumanduba: 5 Uerapepoaquima: 6 Cunau: 7 Pitaoca: 8 Chiqueiro: 9 Hell: 10 Puncture of the Itaboca or Arrependido: 11 Tortinho: 12, Jose Correa: 13 Great Waterfall: 14 Apinag: 15 Cajueiro a16 Capelinha: 17 Valentim: 18 Mandupixuna: l9 Puraquecuara: 20 High Beach: 21 Big hole of the Tauiri: 22 Dry Great: 23 Defuntinha: 24 Tauirizinho: 25 Mother Maria: 26 Broken Mountain range: 27 Dry of the Curu: which is the common limit of Par and Gois. Being the most difficult waterfall of the Hell and the puncture of the Itaboca. The rapids enters them rock pillars forced to the canoeiros to search the edges in accordance with to push and to pull the canoe with pitchforks, calls of oxen, being the exerted work the position of the member of the crew gained with the service time: pilot, proeiro, against-proeiro and remeiro. To each vanquished difficulty this crew commemorated for then following trip. Another difficulty of these trips would be the illnesses as the diarrias with blood, the malaria, maleita or impaludismo that would be dealt with by the proper members of the crew through cataplasmas with the pulp to fruits and beberagens made with known medicinal grass the messengers. The overcoming of these difficulties was mainly related the search of the chestnut, cacao and rubber that would be vendida to the merchants and taken the Belm. The exploration of these products, that had one high commercial value stimulated the messengers if more to risk each time in waterfalls of the Tocantins, becoming plus a cross fincada in the edges to remember the unfortunate person who died in waterfalls. Figure 8: Opening of roads for the Tocantins railroad the navigation that was the media and the economic activity them marginal populations in ends it century XIX assists would earn it of the railroad Tocantins, projected to cross the encachoeirado stretch and I number to reduce it of dead of the navigation, facilitating the draining of the products of the region.

Racial Understanding

We initiate the project, sharpening the curiosity of the pupils, so that the same ones gave to beginning the directed research, in order to demystify the esteretipos on Africa. We work the film, ' ' I buzzed of palmares' ' , which the educandos had been comovidos with the images, the bravery of the Africans, and the determination in conquering its objectives had standed out in its reports. After, studies and research, the pupils elaborate posters, socialized with excessively the acquired knowledge. The culminncia of the project, if it gave, through a degustation of Afro food, made with the aid of the proper pupils, beyond cultural presentations, involving parade of Afro fashion and an interpretation of ' ' Repente' '. Mitchel Resnick understands that this is vital information. We believe that the project was a total success, and very contributed with the learning of our pupils, and without a doubt we perceive that many esteretipos had been demystified FINAL CONSIDERAES When carrying through this project, we can live deeply, of very synthetic form, but objective and estruturante a familiarization regarding the racial relations and of the condition of the black in the pertaining to school environment, our work was in the direction to produce knowledge scientific that contribute to portray the reality of the blacks in the pertaining to school resume. We perceive the importance of critical debates in the pertaining to school environment, in order to eliminate the racial preconceptions and even though with the objective to show the equality of the human being, independent of the pigmentao of the skin. Continuing the reasoning line, on the perspective of as to abolish the racial differences, we arrive at the so controversial point, if both the pupils white and black, are part of the same education system, because this so great differentiation between them. It is necessary, to treat the racial relations, of more consistent form, looking for to pass to the pupils who the contributions of the black race for our society had been as much that never we could have prejudiced feelings because of the color of the skin.


If public good legally verified to demand the use and job of the Property of the Citizen, will be it previously indemnified of the value of it. The Law will mark the cases where it will have that to cheat this only exception, and will give the rules to determine indemnity (ART. 179/XXII. CF/de 25/03/1824 Apud BRAZIL, 2007: Volume I: 27). ‘ ‘ mere coincidence, but the practical chain of maintenance of the status quo of its immediate representatives: the capitalist agrarian-exporter. At the same time, he established who could possess the rights that just the Constitution establishes: the Brazilian citizens. If you would like to know more then you should visit Eliot Horowitz. Exclua, therefore, the enslaved majority, the indians and some as much others that do not possuam purchasing power. The slave, as a merchandise, also was in the bulge of protection of the property.

Therefore, she was not citizen, but inviolable, pertaining merchandise to the agrarian proprietors. No longer project of Constitution of 1823, according to Sposito (2006), was questioned if the indian would be exactly Brazilian citizen or. This question, according to author, demonstrated that it had an irrigation ditch between the intended real society and the national one: ' ' It had an irrigation ditch between the real, existing society in territory that if it intended national, and that society that would start to compose, from now on, the Brazilian nation. These societies, ' real' ' nacional' they do not coincide and this characteristic does not have to be understood as with the ideal of equality intended for the national State, although evidently conflituosa (SPOSITO, 2006:18 – 19) &#039 contradictory; '. In such a way they were not contradictory that the divergences generated from the project of Constitution of 1823 and the Constitution of 1824, not only in relation to the indians, had not been such questions that had caused to greaters problems for the approval of the 1823 project, but yes, the relations of being able.

Nationalistic Liga

moral values of the population. The new demands and social actors who appear in the country in decade of 1920, as affirm NAGLE (2000), have as objective central office to fight the illiteracy, the vices of the elite politics and to diminish the foreign influence, mainly, in the south of the country. The used form to carry through this task was the creation of nationalistic groups. Groups as Liga de National Defesa and Nationalistic Liga of So Paulo are examples of as the nationalistic ideas had penetrated in the Brazilian society of the time. The Leagues had as objective tracings in its programs and manifestos: the defense of> Revolution of 1930, can be characterized as great attempt of critical rupture and to the model adopted from 1889 and consequently of if launching the bases of a project that added some of the proposals of the nationalistic movement.

This event is appraised as a process that determined the end of the hegemony of a parcel of the coffee bourgeoisie who dominated throughout the Old Republic the scene Brazilian politician, that is, the So Paulo parcel. This movement had as central focus, critical to the electoral process of 1930, adding it the crisis lived for the world-wide economy, mainly, for the effect of this crisis in the economy of the country based on the exportation of its product of bigger value of the market> the International: coffee (FAUSTO; 1986). In the LAMOUNIER analysis (1985), the model of State adopted in Brazil, after 1930, had as first politics the workmanship of a series of intellectuals who had elaborated a set of critical to the role played for the State, during the First call Republic. Between these intellectuals, the author cites: Alberto Towers, Oliveira Viana, Francisco Fields, Azevedo Amaral, Salty Pliny, among others. The question that approached the speech of this group inhabited in the fact of all to be fit in what the author calls of authoritarian thought.


Forfeiture, therefore, we justify our onslaught in this subject, as well as in the established relaopor it with the historical osentido causalidade and. Let us come back, therefore, to the central axle of the exposition. 1.2Umatendncia to desintetizar and to process stimulatons in order to organize them in representaescomuns -, differently of other animals, which also is presenteprimordialmente the will, it also allowed it to recognize the will. The species human being, seen to porSchopenhauer, is risen on the nature and on the animals for the addition domundo of the representation on the world of the 4 will, in way that, through and for it saw of the first one, as it can be recognized. (Similarly see: Mitchel Resnick). Porvia of the representation, the will becomes conscientious of itself and its existence; the world as representation is the mirror through which the will recognizes simesma, it acquires conscience of its fondness and the object> of its fondness. (Shopenhauer, p 37, 1966) Under aperspectiva of the representation, the life, the visible world, that is, the objetividade, the phenomenon, is declarations of intent. The representation, operated pelopensamento, is the way through which a declaration of intent can serapreendida, translated for conscience. Any phenomenon, any object, exists while representation, and inasmuch as when only submitted to ' ' principle of razo' ' its forms a priori (time, space and causalidade), never being an adequacy of ' ' thing-in-si' ' , of the proper will, and existindoento only while correlatives to the citizen and the subjectivity of suacognio. In this direction, also the individual, the citizen such which consideramosempiricamente, when taken for object, it is a phenomenon of the will. Thomas Mann, in its Book ' ' The PensamentoVivo de Schopenhauer' ' , it wrote following on the relationship of the world davontade with the world of the representation: especially by means of the intelligence that knows and that, in the graussuperiores of its objetivao, the will created to become it its> independently of its task, that consists of projecting a little of light immediate navizinhana of the will and in more helping it in its fight for the existence numgrau raised it has for only mission to serve of spokesman to the will, justifies it, to provide it with reasons ‘ morais’ p 15) Can be said, therefore, that to parSchopenhauer, also the nature, is phenomenon and accomplishment of the will as they coisaem itself, in its ' ' unit primitiva' ' , and its form

Having Direction

Having as objective main to join arts, produzirartesanato and technology and to reorganize the concepts architectural of the time. Tendocomo concepts the valuation of the machine and the functional rationalism, the Bauhaus, would be of fort and absolute influence to the associated concept the Design Grficovigente. Its basement not only in its proper specialties and theories, comotambm the miscegenation of ideologies of diverse movements as Of Stijl and the oConstrutivismo, had brought the school the concept of flexibility and innovation. seupioneirismo in establishing a new pedagogical concept, that defended radical amodernizao of the life in racionalistas bases, was revolutionary napoca. (DESIGN BRAZIL, 2009) In its fourteen years deexistncia, the School of Bauhaus passed for three different stages: the faseexpressionista (1919 – 1927) in Weimar, under the direction of Walter Gropius, the fasedo construtivista formalism (1927 – 1929) with Hannes Meyer in Dessau and, finally, the phase of the radical rationalism with emphasis in the production architectural (1929 – 1933), under the direction of Mies van to give Rohe, part in Dessau and part emBerlim. (DESIGN BRAZIL, 2009) Having its directed projects it stops the beginning of the rationality, dasimplificao and of the unit between form and function, in order to facilitate to the produoindustrial, taking care of the necessities of the society German.

((MAKKAN, 2009) graphical Odesign in itself, in turn, had as bigger influence construtivistLsl Moholy-Nagy, that defined the typography as a communication tool, that never must have its legibility compromised in function of the aesthetic one, communicating in its more intense and ample form. The passion deMoholy-Nagy for typography and photograph had inspired to an interest of the Bauhausna visual communication that took the important experiments in the unification dessasduas arts. It saw design graphical, mainly the poster, if they desenvolvendoem direction to typophoto. It called this objective integration the word eimagem in order to communicate a message new visual literature.

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